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ADVANCED PHOTOGRAPHY TIP:
Choose the right Focus Mode for the shot

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Image 1 - AF-S/One Shot for action moving perpendicular to you   Digital Photogrpahy Level 4 - Learn how to take complete control of your camera
Image 1 - AF-S/One Shot for action moving perpendicular to you Spacer Image 2 - AF-C/AI Servo for action moving towards or away from you.
     

4 Different Auto Focus Modes

Your camera has a number of different methods of Auto-focusing on your subject. These are generally divided into 4 distinct areas:

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Image 3 - Manual focus switch on a Nikon D500

 
Image 3 - Manual focus switch on a Nikon D500
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AF-S/One-Shot

This allows the photographer to choose the focus point in the viewfinder. With the shutter button pressed halfway down this allows you to recompose the shot as you wish. Usually suitable for static subjects.

AF-A/AI Focus

Camera automatically selects single-servo auto-focus when subject is stationary, continuous-servo auto-focus when subject is moving. Shutter can only be released if camera is able to focus.

AF-C/AI Servo

Camera focuses on subject in selected focus area. While the shutter button is pressed halfway (or use of the back focus button), the camera will track the subject as it moves from one focus area to the next. Suitable for Sports/Fast moving subjects.

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Manual Focus

You have to move the focus ring to get the focus you want. Camera will not focus for you. If you or the subject moves you have to manually re-focus.

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